The University of North Texas, UNT, and Future Without Poverty, Inc., FWOP, are partnering to provide a series of STEM and Public Health workshops. During a 2 to 3‐hour hands‐on session we will show students how to build a simple particulate matter (PM) monitor with parts you can buy online and easily connect to a system of monitors in operation around the world (luftdaten). These workshops are designed to engage students in science and engineering topics while educating our community about the environment and public health.
The workshops are structured with a flexible curriculum that can engage students at all levels and provides many avenues to introduce STEM and public health topics. Wherever a workshop is conducted, we will attempt to establish a single monitor and the remaining monitors will be given to the students to install in their communities. Any monitors that are built but not installed will be donated to other areas of the world where significant air quality challenges persist.
The primary goals of these workshops are:
1.Introduce STEM and Public Health topics to underserved and underrepresented communities,
2.Educate the community about the impact of air quality on health and the environment at both local and global scales,
3.Establish a network of PM monitors at home and abroad that will provide both a community alert system and a wealth of data for further research, and
4.Have some fun! This project will be conducted by Constant Marks, a PhD. student in Mechanical and Energy Engineering at UNT, with the help of two undergraduate students and a high school student. The work will be overseen by Prof. Stan Ingman, a Professor of Applied Gerontology, Editor of Sustainable Communities Review and Vice President of FWOP (www.fwop.org). Several interested parties including the Dallas ISD, Frisco ISD, and Denton ISD, as well as various youth programs in Nashville and St Louis and the CATIEinstitute in Costa Rica have already been identified and are eager to bring these workshops to their students. We have also contacted a network of other researchers, civic organizations, and NGOs, who would like to be involved in this project at various capacities. These workshops are the initial phase of larger project that will be proposed for NSF funding in the fall.
The assembly of the PM monitor is designed so that anyone can do it. With only 7 wires and 2 cable ties, the kit becomes a Wi‐Fi connected PM monitoring station. A photo of the partially assembled monitor is shown below.
The parts are sourced from AliExpress and Amazon. A group in Stuttgart (www.lufdaten.info) have programmed the firmware that will be installed on the PM monitors and hosts the servers that store the data. Part of the workshop will include teaching students how to connect and install firmware onto the monitor’s microcontroller (NodeMCU) and connecting the devices to the Luftdaten API. The microcontroller is based around the popular Arduino platforms and some of the more advanced modules will include programming in the Arduino IDE.
To assemble the monitors a PM sensor (SDS011) and a temperatureand humidity sensor (DHT22) are connected to the NodeMCU. After wiring, the components are secured with cable ties and installed into the housing made from two PVC pipe fittings. Next we configure the stations Wi‐Fi, and then the sensor can be 'tested' after about 10 minutes on the lufdaten.info website. Finally, to make the PM monitors a permanent part of the network, we send some site specific information to lufdaten.info. We will send the students an email with their sensor ID, once the sensor are installed and integrated into the Lufdaten network.
Dementia Nepal is a non-profit organization that was founded in 2018, Dementia Nepal has objective to make coordination and cooperation of companies - members in the context of social contribution and awareness of the patient’s with dementia, family member, health professionals and their caregivers’ needs.
Additionally, Dementia Nepal is the creation of diagnosis management, car, services and conditions that improve the quality of life of patients and their carers, the promotion of research, the education and training for all the stakeholders, the provision of useful information and advice on dementia problems and the prevention of the marginalization of people with dementia
It offers daily care to people affected by Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia. Physicians, psychologists, speech therapists, social workers, nurses, physiotherapists and administrative personnel are employed at the Day Care Centers.
The Day Care Centers’ activities include
• Neuropsychological assessment
• Cognitive training interventions
• Physical training programmes
• Other specific therapies (art therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, reminiscence therapy), individually or in groups. In addition, the Slove-Nepal organizes numerous educational programmes and support groups for formal and informal caregivers of people with dementia.
• Memory Clinic, The Association Memory Clinics offer neurological and neuropsychological evaluation to people above 60.
• The “Care at Home” programme. The “Care at Home” programme. addresses to people with dementia who due to movement problems do not have access to the Day Care Centers services at a regular basis and offer support and cognitive training to people affected and counseling or psychoeducation to their caregivers.
• Education and support for caregivers.
The Solve-Nepal at a regular base provides educational seminars for caregivers how to taught, how to deal with the practical and psychological burden of dementia, Psychoeducational programmes for caregivers, These programmes focus on caregivers’ specific needs providing the necessary information about dementia symptoms, progression and available treatments, Likewise ,specific skills enabling them to effectively cope with issues related to dementia, training in the management of the physical, psychological and financial burden of dementia
• Psychiatric Clinic for caregivers - The psychological burden of dementia is an important, yet underestimated aspect of dementia. In comparison to the general population, caregivers are in greater danger of developing depression and various psychosomatic conditions. The Association offers psychiatric support to relieve them from their psychological burden.
• Alzheimer café “Alzheimer Café” provides intervention for people with dementia and their caregivers, promotes discussions, exchange of information about dementia, share of experiences, emotional support and socialization of its members. Memory Clinic The Association Memory Clinics offer neurological and neuropsychological evaluation to people above 60.
• The “Care at Home” programme. The “Care at Home” programme addresses to people with dementia who due to movement problems do not have access to the Day Care Centers services at a regular basis and offer support and cognitive training to people affected and counseling or psychoeducation to their caregivers.
• Education and support for caregivers The Solve Nepal at a regular base provides educational seminars for caregivers how to taught, how to deal with the practical and psychological burden of dementia, Psychoeducational programmes for caregivers, These programmes focus on caregivers’ specific needs providing the necessary information about dementia symptoms, progression and available treatments, Likewise ,specific skills enabling them to effectively cope with issues related to dementia, training in the management of the physical, psychological and financial burden of dementia
• Psychiatric Clinic for caregivers The psychological burden of dementia is an important, yet underestimated aspect of dementia. In comparison to the general population, caregivers are in greater danger of developing depression and various psychosomatic conditions. The Association offers psychiatric support to relieve them from their psychological burden.
• Alzheimer café “Alzheimer Café” provides intervention for people with dementia and their caregivers, promotes discussions, exchange of information about dementia, share of experiences, emotional support and socialization of its members.
Objective 3: Establish a National Dementia research and training Center
We do not have prevalence rate of dementia in Nepal, nor any clinical trial about what works well for people of dementia and their caregivers.
Therefore. The national health policy of Nepal should establish a ‘National Dementia Research and Training center’ to:
Suspected people with dementia should have memory café access in early diagnose. The Memory Café is a monthly social group comprised of people with memory loss and their loved one(s). Its mission is to provide a safe, comfortable, engaging environment where people with memory loss and their care partners can laugh, learn and remain socially engaged with others traveling the same journey
Objective 5: Awareness-raising, legal and financial planning Advocacy
The understanding level of public health concern is less and the treatment gap as well with the health professionals. The common concept is the dementia issues as a part of aging for which nothing can be done- that means, people with dementia do not know that they suffer from a type of ‘disease’ for which treatment and care are possible. Therefore, we need to share the following things; It is disease with a curable possibility for ageing people. Need to stablish dementia friendly society, to improve the public concern on dementia, invest in health system and provide care services, people with dementia make and continue a positive contribution to their communities managing healthy social life habit, provide valuable information about medical management and social/behavioral strategies to manage challenging behaviors among individuals with dementia
Friendly Day care services are essential for keeping people with dementia in their own homes without feeling isolated and cut off from the rest of the society.
•We focus the subventions dementia medication should affordable and accessible.
Objecttives 7- Early Dementia Optimal management in general practice
The assessment and management of dementia is lengthy and complex. General practitioners (GP) are often prominent to contactfor people with dementia, and their families. GPs have first role in providing primary care, identification, assessment, provision of information, referral and ongoing management in terms of suspected people.
Objecttives 8- Informing the person with dementia
There is an emerging consensus among health professionals that favours disclosure of a dementia diagnosis. However, some people with dementia and/or their carers may not wish to know their diagnosis. Wherever possible the patient undergoing assessment should be allowed to decide if they want to be informed if a diagnosis of dementia is confirmed. Proper advice on Pharmacological and Nonpharmacological treatment, Screening for comorbid conditions and drug Effects (Computerised tomography, Pathology tests), further recommendations for post diagnose.
The services provided to patients with dementia are
The cognitive therapies consist of memory, attention and language enhancement programmes
The psychotherapeutic programmes include
The services provided to caregivers are
The team of care at home is consisted of a Doctor, a Dentist, a Psychologist and a Social Worker. The objective of this team is to implement visits in houses of patients with dementia of final stage or less advanced stage that for various reasons are not able to reach the center. Main concern of the team is the permanent education of the caregivers as well as the clarification of queries about the disease and the learning of simple dexterities that can improve effectively the daily care of the patient and the quality of life of the caregiver.
According to design and proposed of SOLVE Nepal the orientation program named "Orientation to user group about different perspectives of development" is successfully completed in Kageshwori Manohara-3, Kathmandu on Asar 15, 2076(30 June , 2019)
135 people of project area and municipality authorities were direct beneficiaries and whole people of consumer groups of the project area and municipality are benefited indirectly from that training.
The training helped the participants to learn about significance of sustainable development and proper use of budget in the concerned field, increase in participation of the local level and utilization of locally available resources. It also created positive attitude in the participants and the training also helped to inform consumer group leaders about various perspectives of development. Development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive change or the addition of physical, economic, social and demographic components.
After successful completion of the training/ orientation, organizer points that major problems of the developmental projects can be reduce by making local law acts. Local procurement act, procedure and rate list should be issued by the municipality to increase the efficiency of the project. Such types of training are essential for every user group and municipality all over the country.